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Things About Black Mold That You Can't Afford Not To Know

Author : Kelsey Libby

The terms "black mold" and "toxic mold" are convenient ways to refer to a genus of the family of fungi called Stachybotrys. The terms are convenient in the sense that most of the species in this genus are colored black and a few of them produce substances which are toxic to animals and human beings. Because distinguishing the different species belonging to this genus is something of a problem using the naked eye, people are prone to think that all of them produce poisonous emissions into the air.

The particular species that people refer to when they talk about "black fungus" or "toxic fungus" is Stachybotrys chartarum which is the same as the species atra (S. atra). and alternans (S. alternans). However, your attention should be called to the fact that there are other black fungi besides the species of Stachybotrys. Likewise, other genera emit spores which are harmful when inhaled.

Conditions in which Stachybotrys thrive

Stachybotrys is found in all areas of the globe. This may be the reason why people readily associate it with poisonous fungi. Colonies typically establish themselves on damp and cellulose-impregnated objects such as wood and paper. Since cellulose, a component of most organisms, has many practical uses, there are a variety of objects that can be contaminated by "black mold."

Molds hibernate during the cold winter months. More accurately speaking, it is the spores or the reproductive cells which sleep during winter. They become active in the month immediately preceding autumn at which time the spores once more waft through the air and land on moist places in the forests. There, the colonies proliferate. After a while they send out more spores into the air. These, in turn are carried into homes.

Within the home, watch out for places that are enclosed. Closets and cabinets are frequent favorites of molds. This is true especially if the closet or cabinet is located in the basement. Areas that are walled in are likewise prone to contain mold communities. The same is true for your ceiling. Floors and walls that are frequently wet are also likely places for molds to grow. These structures include the walls behind sinks and bathtubs. Basements will also usually have molds in their floors and cabinets. The moisture that seeps in from the earth underneath stays in the basement if both the door and the windows are regularly closed. And aid that has high moisture content is an ideal environment for mold colonies to thrive in.

Mold spores produce the toxin

When the "black mold" gains access to a house, it proceeds to multiply its colonies. The more of them there are, the bigger the volume of reproductive spores which will be emitted by the "black mold." As a result the air in the house becomes increasingly polluted by these spores. The point will eventually come when the people and pets living there will manifest the effects of the poison in the spores.

Among these effects are allergy-like symptoms which include reddening of the eyes and physical manifestations caused by the irritation of the various mucosal linings of the body. This irritation, when found in the membranes of the lungs can eventually lead to hemorrhaging in that organ. In fact, the most frequent cause of death from mycotoxin inhalation is precisely that. Remember that the lungs are the first location that the spores come in contact with when they are breathed in.

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Tags:   black mold, mold removal, black mold removal

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Submitted : 2011-03-21    Word Count : 594    Times Viewed: 391