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Can You Suffer From Infertility If You Have Ovarian Cysts?

Author : Stan Cristian

Women have two ovaries, there is one on each side of the uterus inside a woman. Inside each ovary there is a sac that encloses a woman's egg. This sac is called the follicle. During the menstrual cycle of a woman an egg is made.

The process of an egg being made is called ovulation and every woman has this happen monthly. The ovaries begin to produce estrogen, this is a signal to the uterus that it needs to begin the preparation for a possible pregnancy. Once the follicle matures an age is releases and travels to the womb for the chance to become fertilized. If the egg isn't fertilized the thickened lining is shed as menstrual blood.

Now that you know about a menstrual cycle it is important to also know what ovarian cysts are also. Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs that can be found on or even inside the ovary. Some of these cysts might be filled with solid matter or just fluid. Below you will find a list of different types of cysts and each explains if they cause infertility or not.

1. Dermoid Cysts - This is a type of cyst that is formed with germ cells start to multiply for some reason without any fertilization and start to form. Germ cells are primitive cells that can produce all types of human tissue. Dermoid Cysts do not affect fertility.

2. Functional Cysts - This type of cyst is formed in the natural function of the body. These are the most common type of ovarian cysts. They are harmless, filled with clear liquid and normally resolve without having any treatments. Because they are functional they do not affect fertility.

3. Endometriomas/ Chocolate Cysts - This is a type of cyst that is a result of endometriosis which is a medical condition that happens then parts of the uterine lining called endormetrial tissue transfers to different organs outside of the womb. Endormetrial tissue responds to the changes of your hormones so it bleeds during menstruation and since there is no way to get rid of the blood it forms into a cysts. This type of cyst does have an effect on fertility because it can cause your organs to adhere to each other and make it difficult for the egg to move from the ovaries.

4. Cystadenoma - These types of cysts start to form from the outer lining of the ovaries. They produce a watery or jelly like fluid. There are two different types of cystadenoma: mucinous and serous. The mucinous is filled with a thick jell like material and the serous cystadenoma is filled with a watery fluid. The bad thing about cystadenomas can actually get large and cause pain and pressure and then need some kind of treatment. However these are normally benign and don't effect fertility.

5. Polycystic ovarian cysts - This type of cysts is actually a multiple amount of cysts that cluster around an ovary and are under a thick covering. These do cause problems. They can make it difficult for the eggs to be releases and can also start hormonal problems. Because of these problems Polycystic ovarian cysts do cause fertility problems.

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For more information on Ovarian cysts symptoms, causes of Ovarian cysts and Dermoid Ovarian cysts visit

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Tags:   symptoms of ovarian cysts, causes of cysts on the ovaries

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Submitted : 2011-01-20    Word Count : 520    Times Viewed: 186