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Chlorine Unsafe For Water Purification

Author : John Walsh


Before water goes to Dry Turkey Creek, it comes from the local wastewater and first needs to be cleansed using the ultraviolet light. The system being relatively new and only third of its kind in the state is financed by a loan from the Kansas Department of Health and Environment at $1,127 million. The wastewater plant superintendent said that no sewer rate increases are expected because they just had a rate increase recently which was the first increase in so many years. Per 750 gallons of water now cost at 95 cents instead of the old price of 65 cents.

Extra revenue needed to be generated for improvements like this and not specifically for this project which is why rates increased. The local wastewater treatment plant currently uses a sludge purifying system to remove solids and much of the harmful bacteria. After a three step treatment process that is free from chemicals, the Dry Turkey Creek receives about 1.8 million gallons of water a day.

It is important that the Environmental Protection Agency increase its standards for it to be able to develop more the quality of water in streams, as what the plant supervisor had said. He even added that the water coming from them is contaminated. Chlorine, being a harmful chemical was used by them in the past. The ultraviolet light is a safer way to disinfect water before it goes into the stream. Similar to long fluorescent bulbs, the system involves a series of ultraviolet lamps. The number of lamps to be used is 12 and 24 in normal conditions and in high wastewater flows respectively.

To be able to improve water quality, pathogens which make people sick should be eliminated by adding millions of gallons of sanitized water into the stream. The county would sell their current small ultraviolet light after it is being used to treat the city's golf course for them to be able to buy a new one. The Kansas Department of Health and Environment information officer said the state has a loan program to help communities pay for expensive ultraviolet treatment systems. With the aid of the state revolving fund, two communities have already acquired ultraviolet treatment systems.

The loan which goes on for 20 years carries a 3.03 percent interest rate. To prohibit the production of microorganism's DNA chains, these systems use a unique type of wavelength of ultraviolet light. This will cause microorganisms to stop growing and eventually, will cause its death.

Though costly, ultraviolet disinfection is safer because it is nonchemical and nontoxic and even requires lesser employees to operate. Also, it's userfriendly for employees who can't deal with chemicals like chlorine. An amount of $200 million Environmental Protection Agency grant was the start of the loan program. Upon investing that money in interest rates, the state was then able to help low cost loans in financing for city water state treatment projects. Because of the ultraviolet system's large size, the city commissioner assured that it will be able to handle future growth. With confidence, he said that the plant can hold until 3 million gallons as compared to the community which is only able to dispose 1.6 to 1.8 million gallons a day.

A sizable unit enough to contain the great amounts of discharge of the plant, this new system will be soon bought by them. 13,000 people in the city are foreseeing steady growth to the north according to him. To be able to adjust to future growth, it has plans to expand its sewer infrastructure. Rates are not going to increase in the near future. According to him, increase should carry them into the future for they have analyzed their rate charges a year ago and increased them in small amounts to take new growth into consideration.


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Go to this site for further information on wastewater treatment. If youre on the hunt for top water treatment systems information, make sure to visit them.

Article Source:
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Tags:   Home improvement, home accessories, water tanks, septic tanks

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Submitted : 2010-10-07    Word Count : 690    Times Viewed: 216